Main Article Content


The study investigated evaluation of sex and age influence on plagiarism as academic dishonest behaviour among postgraduate students of federal universities in South-South, Nigeria. The study which is a survey research, involved a multi-stage stratified random sampling technique of 440 males and 490 females from 3 universities and 3 faculties of the same universities in South-South, Nigeria. The sample was selected through a stratified random sampling approach. The study adopted frequencies, percentages, factor analysis and multiple classification analysis statistical tools. A questionnaire developed and validated by the researcher titled: "Academic Dishonest Behaviour Questionnaire (ADBQ") with Cronbach coefficient alpha reliability of 0.83 was used for data collection. Two research questions and one hypothesis were formulated for the study. The findings indicated that the students used for this study were involved in Sex and Age influence on plagiarism aspect of academic dishonest behaviours. Generally, there is a significant influence of age on plagiarism as academic dishonest behaviour among students. Male students show a positive inclination toward plagiarism on academic dishonest behaviour than their female counterparts while on the other hand, ages 20-24years, show more culpability than other ages. It is therefore recommended among others that there should be synergy among stakeholders in the educational process to fight this menace of Plagiarism.


sex and age influence on plagiarism academic dishonest behaviour Postgraduate students Federal Universities

Article Details

How to Cite
Egbai , J. M. (2021). Evaluation of Sex and Age Influence on Plagiarism as Academic Dishonest Behaviour among Postgraduate Students of Federal Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria . International Journal of Educational Administration, Management, and Leadership, 2(1), 15-26.


  1. Athanasou, J. A. & Olasehinde, O. (2002). Male and female differences in self-report cheating. Practical assessment. Research & Evaluation, 8(5). Retrieved on 17/03/2015 from http://
  2. Craig, R. & Dalton, D. (2013). Understanding First Year undergraduate student perception of copying and plagiarism: Developing a Platform for a Culture of Honest Inquiry and the academic construction of knowledge. 103-114.
  3. Crown, D. F., & Spiller, M. S. (1998). Learning from the literature on collegiate Cheating: A review of the empirical research. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(2), 683-700.
  4. Harding, T. S., Mayhew, M. J., Finelli, C. J. & Carpenter, D. D. (2007). The theory of planned behaviour as a model of academic dishonesty in Engineering and Humanities undergraduates. Ethics & Behaviour, 17(3), 255-279.
  5. Idaka, I. I. & German, A. (2012). Research design. In Essentials of Research and Statistics in Education and Social Sciences (Ed). Calabar, Eti-Nwa Associates. 64-77.
  6. Jordan, A. E. (2001). College student cheating: The role of motivation, perceived norms, attitudes, and knowledge of institutional policy. Ethics & Behaviour, 11(3), 233-247.
  7. Joshua, M. T. (2005). Fundamentals of test and measurement in education. Calabar: the University of Calabar press.
  8. Lim, V. K. G. & See, S. K. B. (2001). Attitudes toward, and intentions to report, academic cheating among students in Singapore. Ethics & Behahiour, 11(3), 261-274.
  9. Miranda, S. M. & Freire, C. (2011). Academic dishonesty- understanding how undergraduate students think and act. E paper presented at the ISATT 2011 Conference held between 4th-8th July; 2011 at the University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
  10. Moore, E. (2013). Sloppy rreferencing and plagiarism in students’ theses. Plagiarism across Europe and beyond, Conference Proceedings, 42-53.
  11. Orim, S. M., Borg, E. & Awala-Ale, L. (2013). Students’ experience of institutional interventions on plagiarism: Nigerian case. Plagiarism across Europe and beyond, Conference Proceedings, 54-69.
  12. Quartuccio, K. (2014). Positive and negative attitudes and subjective norms toward plagiarism of RN to BSN students in an accelerated online program. Dissertation submitted to Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
  13. Rangkuti, A. A. (2011). Academic cheating behaviour of accounting students: A case study in Jakarta State University. In Educational integrity: Culture and values. Proceedings of 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Educational Integrity. The University of Western Australia, 26 September.105 109,
  14. Rettinger, D., Ordan, A. & Peschiera, F. (2004). Evaluating the motivation of other students to cheat: A vignette experiment. Research in Higher Education, 45(8), 873-890.
  15. Underwood, J. & Szabo, A. (2003). Academic offences and e-learning: Individual propensities in cheating. British Journal of Dental Education, 34(4), 467-477.